Doll Making | Cotton-Stuffed Muslin Doll

Doll Making | Cotton-Stuffed Muslin Doll

For a little girl's playtime

Slender, cotton-stuffed muslin doll—a quaint and charming playmate. Wired arms and legs make her an endlessly maneuverable, obligingly flexible companion for "make-believe." Dress her for everyday in a striped cotton frock and a perky pinafore—or, for parties, in a dotted Swiss dress and bonnet, saucily puffed and ribbon-trimmed. Lace edged organdy undies, white socks and wing-bowed felt shoes complete her wardrobe.

EQUIPMENT: Scissors; needle and thread; tissue paper; pencil; No. 1 knitting needle wrapped at tip with a bit of adhesive tape to blunt point; glass drinking straw, ¼" in diameter and about 2" shorter than knitting needle; toothpicks.

MATERIALS: for Doll's Body: ⅛ yd. 36" flesh-colored muslin; 2¼ ft. heavy, pliable wire; cotton for stuffing; small amounts of oil paints—red, brown, blue, white; 6" theatrical crepe hair or 6" lengths of yarn. (To curl yarn, wrap it around a matchstick or bobby pin; steam press. Let dry.)

For Clothes: Scraps of the following: old white socks or white rayon jersey for stockings; white felt for shoes; white organdy for panties, petticoat and pinafore; striped cotton for play dress and handbag; dotted Swiss for party dress and bonnet; matching ribbon for bonnet tie and dress sash; lace edging for panties and petticoat; narrow elastic. Snap fasteners.

DIRECTIONS:

Basic instructions to cut and sew: Patterns are given actual size for doll body and all clothes not cut as straight rectangular pieces. Trace all patterns onto tissue paper (see Tracing Instructions). Cut out and pin to fabric. Place FOLD line on folded fabric. Fold fabric on straight of goods. Seam allowance on doll body is ⅛", on all clothing except shoes, ¼"; on shoes, just enough to allow for whipstitching soles to uppers. Sew all seams on inside. Turn hem allowance to inside, slipstitch. To gather, use small running stitch.

Body: Cut two body sections. Trace and cut stencil for features from heavy paper. Paint face (Fig. 1), using toothpick for a paint brush. Eyebrows, nostrils, and outlines of eyes and mouth are brown; mouth is red; eyes are white with blue centers. Paint cheeks red, dabbing paint on lightly with a tiny piece of cotton. Sew front and back of body together, leaving opening at top of head for stuffing. Clip seam allowance as indicated. Turn right side out. Poke out arms and legs with blunted knitting needle inserted through glass drinking straw to make turning easier.

Cut wire 21" long for legs. Bend in half (Fig. 2), bend small loops at each end. Insert in doll. Stuff legs and body up to waist. Use small pieces of cotton (about 1" long) to prevent lumpiness. Use blunted knitting needle to push cotton solidly into body and around wires. Cut wire 10" long for arms, bend loops at ends (Fig. 3). Stuff arms, remaining body and head. Turn in raw edges of top opening; sew together. Bend up ends of legs ½" to make feet. Attach hair. Spread the 6" lengths of yarn or crepe hair to about 1" in width. Stitch through center (Fig. 4). Sew in place (Fig. 5).

Stockings: Cut piece of fabric about 2½" long, 1½" wide. Hem ¼" at top. Wrap around doll's leg, with bottom edge extending slightly over instep. Turn under raw edges at back; whipstitch together.

Shoes: Use patterns to cut soles, uppers and bows. Place uppers on doll's feet; whipstitch together up back of heel. Whipstitch soles to uppers. Tack bows to instep, stitching through foot to sole.

Panties: Cut piece of fabric 5" wide, 1¾" long. Fold in half, crosswise; sew side seam. Stitch a triangular crotch, ¾" deep and ½" wide at base (Fig. 6). Cut out as shown, leaving about x" seam allowance. Clip seam allowance, almost to stitching line, at point of triangle. Hem ¼" at leg openings and top, leaving small opening in top hem to insert elastic. Sew lace edging around leg openings. Cut piece of elastic to fit doll's waist; insert in top hem.

Petticoat: Cut piece of fabric 10" wide, 3" long. Fold in half, crosswise; sew back seam. Hem ¼" at top and bottom, leaving small opening in top hem to insert elastic. Sew lace edging to bottom. Cut piece of elastic to fit doll's waist; insert in top hem.

Dotted Swiss Dress: Cut piece of fabric 16" wide, 5" long. Fold in half, crosswise; sew back seam, leaving opening at top about 1½" long. Hem ½" at one edge for bottom of dress, hem ¼" at other edge for neckline. Cut ¾" lengthwise slits below neck hem on each side for armholes. Gather neckline to size of doll's neck. Cut two sleeves from pattern. Sew underarm seams of each sleeve. Hem ¼" at bottom edges. Seam sleeves to armholes, gathering to fit. Gather lower edges to size of arm. Make rolled hem around neck opening; sew snap fastener to top. Tie ribbon sash around waist.

Bonnet: Cut back section from pattern. Hem ¼" at neck edge. Fold under ¼" on remaining edge and run gathering thread around it. For brim, cut piece of fabric 5" long, 3½" wide. Fold in half, lengthwise; sew seams at ends. Turn right side out. Gather folded edge of back section to length of brim. Sew back section to brim, easing in gathers evenly all around (Fig. 7). Tack a ribbon bow to brim at X (Fig. 8). Gather bottom of back section to fit back of doll's neck. Sew ribbon tie to back of bonnet. Tie bow under chin.

Striped Dress: Front and back are cut in one piece. Cut from pattern, folding fabric both lengthwise and crosswise, making four thicknesses. Sew side seams to X. Cut 1½" slit in center back for neck opening; roll hem. Hem ¼" along bottom, neck and armholes. Gather neck and sleeves to fit doll. Sew snap fasteners to neck opening.

Pinafore: Cut bib top from pattern. Fold and hem neck edge as indicated. Hem ¼" along all other edges except bottom. For skirt, cut piece of fabric 2¼" wide, 9" long. Hem ¼" along one long edge and both short edges. For waistband, cut two pieces of fabric ¾" wide, ½" longer than waistline of doll. Hem both ends of both strips. Turn under and crease seam allowance along long edges. Gather raw edge of skirt to fit waistband. Topstitch one edge of one waistband strip over gathered skirt (Fig. 10), other edge over bib top. Slipstitch other waistband strip to inside of pinafore, wrong sides of strips together. Cut small square of fabric for a pocket. Hem one edge, turn under remaining edges and sew to skirt. Sew snap fastener on back of waistband. Sew shoulder straps to back of waistband.


Doll Making Figures 1
Doll Making Figures 2
Doll Making Figures 3
Doll Making Patterns 1
Doll Making Patterns 2

Maple Leaf and Oak Leaf Stenciling Craft

Maple Leaf and Oak Leaf Stenciling Craft

HOW TO STENCIL

MATERIALS:

EQUIPMENT: Sharp stencil-cutting tool or razor blade. Stencil paper—in small packages or large sheets. Stencil brushes— very stiff bristles and flat circular bottom. (No. 6 with ½" diameter good, or artists’ oil brushes with stiff bristles.) 2B drawing pencil. Textile paints, with directions for using and setting colors, usually a jar of extendor. Cleaning fluid—any reliable fabric cleaner—for cleaning brushes and stencil plates. Soft cotton rags. Desk-size white blotter. Right-angle triangle. Masking tape. Flat piece of glass on which to cut stencils, or Manila paper (cardboard makes knife stick).

Fabrics: All cottons, linens, rayons and silk. (Avoid rough weaves. It is hard to manipulate brush on them.) For washable articles, first remove all sizing by washing in lukewarm water and soapsuds, so color will not partially wash out.

Silks, chiffons and very fragile materials should be taped or pinned to a white blotter so they will not stick to stencil brushes. Heavy fabric need not be taped down. Unbleached cotton, Indian Head or mat side of chintz takes stenciling well. When stenciling garments, cut out first, stencil pieces separately, then sew.

Color of Fabrics: Textile colors, being transparent, are most effective used on light or medium backgrounds. If dark colored material is used, add white to colors to make them opaque. White does not penetrate fibre of fabric sufficiently to give secure anchorage, therefore will not be as washable as other colors.

HOW TO MAKE WORKING TRACINGS OF DESIGNS

Before using designs, they should be traced onto working sheets. Lay a sheet of tracing paper over page. Use a small amount of artist’s rubber cement, applied to each corner of tracing paper only, to hold it in place. Remove paper carefully. Rubber cement traces are easily rubbed away with fingertips. If rubber cement is not available, attach with small pieces of Scotch tape or masking tape. Tapes are difficult to remove. To avoid tearing page, cut the tape at edges of paper and leave tape on page.

WORKING PROCEDURE

Tracing: Place tracing sheet over white paper so lines will show clearly; then place on flat surface and tape to prevent slipping. Lay stencil paper over tracing. Tape. Trace, using pencil lightly. If you dig into stencil paper, both cut and printed edges will be fuzzy. Do not try to make lines black, just plain enough to see when cutting.

Cutting: Place stencil paper on glass or Manila envelope. Follow outlines with knife, cutting all the way through, so that cut shape will fall out easily. Knife should always point toward cut-out shape and be held at angle to obtain slightly beveled edge; this keeps paint from creeping under stencil edges when printing. Always cut toward you, that is, from top to bottom. Keep turning stencil paper around so that this is possible. Keep sharpening knife on moist sharpening stone.

Mixing Colors: Use plate, palette or any hard surface. Little color is needed. Amount on tip of knife will go a long way. Read directions carefully which come with stencil paints. Some textile paints need to be mixed with extendor, which is a necessary chemical ingredient. Never mix more paint than needed for painting at one time, as fabric paint dries rapidly.

Printing: Place fabric on white blotter. Tape. Lay stencil where you want it. Tape, or hold firmly with hand. Dig brush into color and rub off on piece of paper until almost dry. Work paint into fabric, through stencil openings, holding brush upright. With rotating motion, work from edge of opening toward center. Work color well into fabric. Do not load too much paint onto brush if you wish to make area solid. Better to repeat until entire area is covered. To shade, cover areas you wish to darken with other coats of paint.

Care of Stencils and Brushes: Do not wash stencils after using, as cleaning wears edges. Turn each stencil face down on blotter; with soft rag and a little cleaning fluid, gently wipe back clean. Store with sheet of paper between stencils.

Wash brushes in cleaning fluid; dry well. It is desirable to have a separate brush for each color. For example, a red brush may be used for all shades of red. Brushes should not be washed more than necessary. A little paint in bristles helps to keep them stiff.

Setting: Allow finished work to dry more than 24 hours and not more than 3 days. Then place fabric on ironing board, face up; cover with dry cloth and press for 3 minutes at 300° Fahrenheit, or at linen temperature on adjustable iron. Steam iron may be used. Turn material and press back with pressing cloth, dampened if desired. Fabrics which require a low heat should be set by pressing them a few minutes longer than directed above at a lower temperature.

TO STENCIL TIES

Cut a stencil for maple leaf or oak leaf and acorn, following directions. Print de­signs solid on silk ties in scatter effect or repeat designs.


Maple Leaf and Oak Leaf Stenciling Craft

Chrysanthemum Stenciling Craft

Chrysanthemum Stenciling Craft

HOW TO STENCIL

MATERIALS:

EQUIPMENT: Sharp stencil-cutting tool or razor blade. Stencil paper—in small packages or large sheets. Stencil brushes— very stiff bristles and flat circular bottom. (No. 6 with ½" diameter good, or artists’ oil brushes with stiff bristles.) 2B drawing pencil. Textile paints, with directions for using and setting colors, usually a jar of extendor. Cleaning fluid—any reliable fabric cleaner—for cleaning brushes and stencil plates. Soft cotton rags. Desk-size white blotter. Right-angle triangle. Masking tape. Flat piece of glass on which to cut stencils, or Manila paper (cardboard makes knife stick).

Fabrics: All cottons, linens, rayons and silk. (Avoid rough weaves. It is hard to manipulate brush on them.) For washable articles, first remove all sizing by washing in lukewarm water and soapsuds, so color will not partially wash out.

Silks, chiffons and very fragile materials should be taped or pinned to a white blotter so they will not stick to stencil brushes. Heavy fabric need not be taped down. Unbleached cotton, Indian Head or mat side of chintz takes stenciling well. When stenciling garments, cut out first, stencil pieces separately, then sew.

Color of Fabrics: Textile colors, being transparent, are most effective used on light or medium backgrounds. If dark colored material is used, add white to colors to make them opaque. White does not penetrate fibre of fabric sufficiently to give secure anchorage, therefore will not be as washable as other colors.

HOW TO MAKE WORKING TRACINGS OF DESIGNS

Before using designs, they should be traced onto working sheets. Lay a sheet of tracing paper over page. Use a small amount of artist’s rubber cement, applied to each corner of tracing paper only, to hold it in place. Remove paper carefully. Rubber cement traces are easily rubbed away with fingertips. If rubber cement is not available, attach with small pieces of Scotch tape or masking tape. Tapes are difficult to remove. To avoid tearing page, cut the tape at edges of paper and leave tape on page.

WORKING PROCEDURE

Tracing: Place tracing sheet over white paper so lines will show clearly; then place on flat surface and tape to prevent slipping. Lay stencil paper over tracing. Tape. Trace, using pencil lightly. If you dig into stencil paper, both cut and printed edges will be fuzzy. Do not try to make lines black, just plain enough to see when cutting.

Cutting: Place stencil paper on glass or Manila envelope. Follow outlines with knife, cutting all the way through, so that cut shape will fall out easily. Knife should always point toward cut-out shape and be held at angle to obtain slightly beveled edge; this keeps paint from creeping under stencil edges when printing. Always cut toward you, that is, from top to bottom. Keep turning stencil paper around so that this is possible. Keep sharpening knife on moist sharpening stone.

Mixing Colors: Use plate, palette or any hard surface. Little color is needed. Amount on tip of knife will go a long way. Read directions carefully which come with stencil paints. Some textile paints need to be mixed with extendor, which is a necessary chemical ingredient. Never mix more paint than needed for painting at one time, as fabric paint dries rapidly.

Printing: Place fabric on white blotter. Tape. Lay stencil where you want it. Tape, or hold firmly with hand. Dig brush into color and rub off on piece of paper until almost dry. Work paint into fabric, through stencil openings, holding brush upright. With rotating motion, work from edge of opening toward center. Work color well into fabric. Do not load too much paint onto brush if you wish to make area solid. Better to repeat until entire area is covered. To shade, cover areas you wish to darken with other coats of paint.

Care of Stencils and Brushes: Do not wash stencils after using, as cleaning wears edges. Turn each stencil face down on blotter; with soft rag and a little cleaning fluid, gently wipe back clean. Store with sheet of paper between stencils.

Wash brushes in cleaning fluid; dry well. It is desirable to have a separate brush for each color. For example, a red brush may be used for all shades of red. Brushes should not be washed more than necessary. A little paint in bristles helps to keep them stiff.

Setting: Allow finished work to dry more than 24 hours and not more than 3 days. Then place fabric on ironing board, face up; cover with dry cloth and press for 3 minutes at 300° Fahrenheit, or at linen temperature on adjustable iron. Steam iron may be used. Turn material and press back with pressing cloth, dampened if desired. Fabrics which require a low heat should be set by pressing them a few minutes longer than directed above at a lower temperature.

HANDKERCHIEFS

GENERAL DIRECTIONS: Separate stencils must be cut for each symbol indicated by key given with designs. Sometimes shading is applied at edges with a second coat, as in the sweet pea design. Cut pink stencil, use same stencil for shading lavender at edge. Be sure to establish register angle on each stencil. Ascertain register angle on handkerchief and mark with masking tape.

Put first stencil in place and print. Continue with other stencils until design is completed.

Chrysanthemum: Cut 3 stencils following directions. Leaves are very light gray-green, shaded on edges with darker green or rust. Shade petals of flowers heavily on points and lighter toward center, using rust color. Center of flower is yellow-orange painted freehand. This design was worked on a pale yellow handkerchief.

FOLDERS FOR HANDKERCHIEFS: A folder to hold the stenciled handkerchief may be made with matching design on front. Use it as a birthday card.

Materials: Construction paper to match or contrast with color of handkerchief; white paper; textile paints; paste.

Print matching flower design on white paper, 3¾" x 4½", using stencils. Use textile paints or poster paints with very little paint on brush.

Fold a piece of colored construction paper 9" x 10½" in half, lengthwise. Use folded edge as bottom of card. Now fold crosswise so that folder opens from right to left. Fold down top left edge of inside page to center line to form a pocket for handkerchief. (See photograph).

Mount flower print on front of folder, pasting down on upper corners only. Write a birthday greeting on inside of folder. To make envelope, see diagram.


Chrysanthemum Stenciling Craft
Folders for Handkerchiefs
Folders for Handkerchiefs diagram

Sweet Pea Stenciling Craft

Sweet Pea Stenciling Craft

HOW TO STENCIL

MATERIALS:

EQUIPMENT: Sharp stencil-cutting tool or razor blade. Stencil paper—in small packages or large sheets. Stencil brushes— very stiff bristles and flat circular bottom. (No. 6 with ½" diameter good, or artists’ oil brushes with stiff bristles.) 2B drawing pencil. Textile paints, with directions for using and setting colors, usually a jar of extendor. Cleaning fluid—any reliable fabric cleaner—for cleaning brushes and stencil plates. Soft cotton rags. Desk-size white blotter. Right-angle triangle. Masking tape. Flat piece of glass on which to cut stencils, or Manila paper (cardboard makes knife stick).

Fabrics: All cottons, linens, rayons and silk. (Avoid rough weaves. It is hard to manipulate brush on them.) For washable articles, first remove all sizing by washing in lukewarm water and soapsuds, so color will not partially wash out.

Silks, chiffons and very fragile materials should be taped or pinned to a white blotter so they will not stick to stencil brushes. Heavy fabric need not be taped down. Unbleached cotton, Indian Head or mat side of chintz takes stenciling well. When stenciling garments, cut out first, stencil pieces separately, then sew.

Color of Fabrics: Textile colors, being transparent, are most effective used on light or medium backgrounds. If dark colored material is used, add white to colors to make them opaque. White does not penetrate fibre of fabric sufficiently to give secure anchorage, therefore will not be as washable as other colors.

HOW TO MAKE WORKING TRACINGS OF DESIGNS

Before using designs, they should be traced onto working sheets. Lay a sheet of tracing paper over page. Use a small amount of artist’s rubber cement, applied to each corner of tracing paper only, to hold it in place. Remove paper carefully. Rubber cement traces are easily rubbed away with fingertips. If rubber cement is not available, attach with small pieces of Scotch tape or masking tape. Tapes are difficult to remove. To avoid tearing page, cut the tape at edges of paper and leave tape on page.

WORKING PROCEDURE

Tracing: Place tracing sheet over white paper so lines will show clearly; then place on flat surface and tape to prevent slipping. Lay stencil paper over tracing. Tape. Trace, using pencil lightly. If you dig into stencil paper, both cut and printed edges will be fuzzy. Do not try to make lines black, just plain enough to see when cutting.

Cutting: Place stencil paper on glass or Manila envelope. Follow outlines with knife, cutting all the way through, so that cut shape will fall out easily. Knife should always point toward cut-out shape and be held at angle to obtain slightly beveled edge; this keeps paint from creeping under stencil edges when printing. Always cut toward you, that is, from top to bottom. Keep turning stencil paper around so that this is possible. Keep sharpening knife on moist sharpening stone.

Mixing Colors: Use plate, palette or any hard surface. Little color is needed. Amount on tip of knife will go a long way. Read directions carefully which come with stencil paints. Some textile paints need to be mixed with extendor, which is a necessary chemical ingredient. Never mix more paint than needed for painting at one time, as fabric paint dries rapidly.

Printing: Place fabric on white blotter. Tape. Lay stencil where you want it. Tape, or hold firmly with hand. Dig brush into color and rub off on piece of paper until almost dry. Work paint into fabric, through stencil openings, holding brush upright. With rotating motion, work from edge of opening toward center. Work color well into fabric. Do not load too much paint onto brush if you wish to make area solid. Better to repeat until entire area is covered. To shade, cover areas you wish to darken with other coats of paint.

Care of Stencils and Brushes: Do not wash stencils after using, as cleaning wears edges. Turn each stencil face down on blotter; with soft rag and a little cleaning fluid, gently wipe back clean. Store with sheet of paper between stencils.

Wash brushes in cleaning fluid; dry well. It is desirable to have a separate brush for each color. For example, a red brush may be used for all shades of red. Brushes should not be washed more than necessary. A little paint in bristles helps to keep them stiff.

Setting: Allow finished work to dry more than 24 hours and not more than 3 days. Then place fabric on ironing board, face up; cover with dry cloth and press for 3 minutes at 300° Fahrenheit, or at linen temperature on adjustable iron. Steam iron may be used. Turn material and press back with pressing cloth, dampened if desired. Fabrics which require a low heat should be set by pressing them a few minutes longer than directed above at a lower temperature.

HANDKERCHIEFS

GENERAL DIRECTIONS: Separate stencils must be cut for each symbol indicated by key given with designs. Sometimes shading is applied at edges with a second coat, as in the sweet pea design. Cut pink stencil, use same stencil for shading lavender at edge. Be sure to establish register angle on each stencil. Ascertain register angle on handkerchief and mark with masking tape.

Put first stencil in place and print. Continue with other stencils until design is completed.

Sweet Pea: Cut 3 stencils following directions. White handkerchief was used. Print leaves first, using fairly dark green textile paint, or use lighter green and shade darker on edges of leaves and tendrils. Print flowers and buds shades of pink and lavender, shading darker along edge of inside petals and buds.

FOLDERS FOR HANDKERCHIEFS: A folder to hold the stenciled handkerchief may be made with matching design on front. Use it as a birthday card.

Materials: Construction paper to match or contrast with color of handkerchief; white paper; textile paints; paste.

Print matching flower design on white paper, 3¾" x 4½", using stencils. Use textile paints or poster paints with very little paint on brush.

Fold a piece of colored construction paper 9" x 10½" in half, lengthwise. Use folded edge as bottom of card. Now fold crosswise so that folder opens from right to left. Fold down top left edge of inside page to center line to form a pocket for handkerchief. (See photograph).

Mount flower print on front of folder, pasting down on upper corners only. Write a birthday greeting on inside of folder. To make envelope, see diagram.


Sweet Pea Stenciling Craft
Folders for Handkerchiefs
Folders for Handkerchiefs diagram

Lily of the Valley Stenciling Craft

Lily of the Valley Stenciling Craft

HOW TO STENCIL

MATERIALS:

EQUIPMENT: Sharp stencil-cutting tool or razor blade. Stencil paper—in small packages or large sheets. Stencil brushes— very stiff bristles and flat circular bottom. (No. 6 with ½" diameter good, or artists’ oil brushes with stiff bristles.) 2B drawing pencil. Textile paints, with directions for using and setting colors, usually a jar of extendor. Cleaning fluid—any reliable fabric cleaner—for cleaning brushes and stencil plates. Soft cotton rags. Desk-size white blotter. Right-angle triangle. Masking tape. Flat piece of glass on which to cut stencils, or Manila paper (cardboard makes knife stick).

Fabrics: All cottons, linens, rayons and silk. (Avoid rough weaves. It is hard to manipulate brush on them.) For washable articles, first remove all sizing by washing in lukewarm water and soapsuds, so color will not partially wash out.

Silks, chiffons and very fragile materials should be taped or pinned to a white blotter so they will not stick to stencil brushes. Heavy fabric need not be taped down. Unbleached cotton, Indian Head or mat side of chintz takes stenciling well. When stenciling garments, cut out first, stencil pieces separately, then sew.

Color of Fabrics: Textile colors, being transparent, are most effective used on light or medium backgrounds. If dark colored material is used, add white to colors to make them opaque. White does not penetrate fibre of fabric sufficiently to give secure anchorage, therefore will not be as washable as other colors.

HOW TO MAKE WORKING TRACINGS OF DESIGNS

Before using designs, they should be traced onto working sheets. Lay a sheet of tracing paper over page. Use a small amount of artist’s rubber cement, applied to each corner of tracing paper only, to hold it in place. Remove paper carefully. Rubber cement traces are easily rubbed away with fingertips. If rubber cement is not available, attach with small pieces of Scotch tape or masking tape. Tapes are difficult to remove. To avoid tearing page, cut the tape at edges of paper and leave tape on page.

WORKING PROCEDURE

Tracing: Place tracing sheet over white paper so lines will show clearly; then place on flat surface and tape to prevent slipping. Lay stencil paper over tracing. Tape. Trace, using pencil lightly. If you dig into stencil paper, both cut and printed edges will be fuzzy. Do not try to make lines black, just plain enough to see when cutting.

Cutting: Place stencil paper on glass or Manila envelope. Follow outlines with knife, cutting all the way through, so that cut shape will fall out easily. Knife should always point toward cut-out shape and be held at angle to obtain slightly beveled edge; this keeps paint from creeping under stencil edges when printing. Always cut toward you, that is, from top to bottom. Keep turning stencil paper around so that this is possible. Keep sharpening knife on moist sharpening stone.

Mixing Colors: Use plate, palette or any hard surface. Little color is needed. Amount on tip of knife will go a long way. Read directions carefully which come with stencil paints. Some textile paints need to be mixed with extendor, which is a necessary chemical ingredient. Never mix more paint than needed for painting at one time, as fabric paint dries rapidly.

Printing: Place fabric on white blotter. Tape. Lay stencil where you want it. Tape, or hold firmly with hand. Dig brush into color and rub off on piece of paper until almost dry. Work paint into fabric, through stencil openings, holding brush upright. With rotating motion, work from edge of opening toward center. Work color well into fabric. Do not load too much paint onto brush if you wish to make area solid. Better to repeat until entire area is covered. To shade, cover areas you wish to darken with other coats of paint.

Care of Stencils and Brushes: Do not wash stencils after using, as cleaning wears edges. Turn each stencil face down on blotter; with soft rag and a little cleaning fluid, gently wipe back clean. Store with sheet of paper between stencils.

Wash brushes in cleaning fluid; dry well. It is desirable to have a separate brush for each color. For example, a red brush may be used for all shades of red. Brushes should not be washed more than necessary. A little paint in bristles helps to keep them stiff.

Setting: Allow finished work to dry more than 24 hours and not more than 3 days. Then place fabric on ironing board, face up; cover with dry cloth and press for 3 minutes at 300° Fahrenheit, or at linen temperature on adjustable iron. Steam iron may be used. Turn material and press back with pressing cloth, dampened if desired. Fabrics which require a low heat should be set by pressing them a few minutes longer than directed above at a lower temperature.

HANDKERCHIEFS

GENERAL DIRECTIONS: Separate stencils must be cut for each symbol indicated by key given with designs. Sometimes shading is applied at edges with a second coat, as in the sweet pea design. Cut pink stencil, use same stencil for shading lavender at edge. Be sure to establish register angle on each stencil. Ascertain register angle on handkerchief and mark with masking tape.

Put first stencil in place and print. Continue with other stencils until design is completed.

Lily of the Valley: Cut 3 stencils following directions. Design is in green and white on pale green or chartreuse handkerchief. Print leaves first using light green (mix green with a little red and lighten with white and yellow). Shade darker for stems. Flowers are white or cream.

FOLDERS FOR HANDKERCHIEFS: A folder to hold the stenciled handkerchief may be made with matching design on front. Use it as a birthday card.

Materials: Construction paper to match or contrast with color of handkerchief; white paper; textile paints; paste.

Print matching flower design on white paper, 3¾" x 4½", using stencils. Use textile paints or poster paints with very little paint on brush.

Fold a piece of colored construction paper 9" x 10½" in half, lengthwise. Use folded edge as bottom of card. Now fold crosswise so that folder opens from right to left. Fold down top left edge of inside page to center line to form a pocket for handkerchief. (See photograph).

Mount flower print on front of folder, pasting down on upper corners only. Write a birthday greeting on inside of folder. To make envelope, see diagram.


Lily of the Valley Stenciling Craft
Folders for Handkerchiefs
Folders for Handkerchiefs diagram

Bold Peasant Stenciling Craft

Bold Peasant Stenciling Craft

HOW TO STENCIL

MATERIALS:

EQUIPMENT: Sharp stencil-cutting tool or razor blade. Stencil paper—in small packages or large sheets. Stencil brushes— very stiff bristles and flat circular bottom. (No. 6 with ½" diameter good, or artists’ oil brushes with stiff bristles.) 2B drawing pencil. Textile paints, with directions for using and setting colors, usually a jar of extendor. Cleaning fluid—any reliable fabric cleaner—for cleaning brushes and stencil plates. Soft cotton rags. Desk-size white blotter. Right-angle triangle. Masking tape. Flat piece of glass on which to cut stencils, or Manila paper (cardboard makes knife stick).

Fabrics: All cottons, linens, rayons and silk. (Avoid rough weaves. It is hard to manipulate brush on them.) For washable articles, first remove all sizing by washing in lukewarm water and soapsuds, so color will not partially wash out.

Silks, chiffons and very fragile materials should be taped or pinned to a white blotter so they will not stick to stencil brushes. Heavy fabric need not be taped down. Unbleached cotton, Indian Head or mat side of chintz takes stenciling well. When stenciling garments, cut out first, stencil pieces separately, then sew.

Color of Fabrics: Textile colors, being transparent, are most effective used on light or medium backgrounds. If dark colored material is used, add white to colors to make them opaque. White does not penetrate fibre of fabric sufficiently to give secure anchorage, therefore will not be as washable as other colors.

HOW TO MAKE WORKING TRACINGS OF DESIGNS

Before using designs, they should be traced onto working sheets. Lay a sheet of tracing paper over page. Use a small amount of artist’s rubber cement, applied to each corner of tracing paper only, to hold it in place. Remove paper carefully. Rubber cement traces are easily rubbed away with fingertips. If rubber cement is not available, attach with small pieces of Scotch tape or masking tape. Tapes are difficult to remove. To avoid tearing page, cut the tape at edges of paper and leave tape on page.

WORKING PROCEDURE

Tracing: Place tracing sheet over white paper so lines will show clearly; then place on flat surface and tape to prevent slipping. Lay stencil paper over tracing. Tape. Trace, using pencil lightly. If you dig into stencil paper, both cut and printed edges will be fuzzy. Do not try to make lines black, just plain enough to see when cutting.

Cutting: Place stencil paper on glass or Manila envelope. Follow outlines with knife, cutting all the way through, so that cut shape will fall out easily. Knife should always point toward cut-out shape and be held at angle to obtain slightly beveled edge; this keeps paint from creeping under stencil edges when printing. Always cut toward you, that is, from top to bottom. Keep turning stencil paper around so that this is possible. Keep sharpening knife on moist sharpening stone.

Mixing Colors: Use plate, palette or any hard surface. Little color is needed. Amount on tip of knife will go a long way. Read directions carefully which come with stencil paints. Some textile paints need to be mixed with extendor, which is a necessary chemical ingredient. Never mix more paint than needed for painting at one time, as fabric paint dries rapidly.

Printing: Place fabric on white blotter. Tape. Lay stencil where you want it. Tape, or hold firmly with hand. Dig brush into color and rub off on piece of paper until almost dry. Work paint into fabric, through stencil openings, holding brush upright. With rotating motion, work from edge of opening toward center. Work color well into fabric. Do not load too much paint onto brush if you wish to make area solid. Better to repeat until entire area is covered. To shade, cover areas you wish to darken with other coats of paint.

Care of Stencils and Brushes: Do not wash stencils after using, as cleaning wears edges. Turn each stencil face down on blotter; with soft rag and a little cleaning fluid, gently wipe back clean. Store with sheet of paper between stencils.

Wash brushes in cleaning fluid; dry well. It is desirable to have a separate brush for each color. For example, a red brush may be used for all shades of red. Brushes should not be washed more than necessary. A little paint in bristles helps to keep them stiff.

Setting: Allow finished work to dry more than 24 hours and not more than 3 days. Then place fabric on ironing board, face up; cover with dry cloth and press for 3 minutes at 300° Fahrenheit, or at linen temperature on adjustable iron. Steam iron may be used. Turn material and press back with pressing cloth, dampened if desired. Fabrics which require a low heat should be set by pressing them a few minutes longer than directed above at a lower temperature.

HANDKERCHIEFS

GENERAL DIRECTIONS: Separate stencils must be cut for each symbol indicated by key given with designs. Sometimes shading is applied at edges with a second coat, as in the sweet pea design. Cut pink stencil, use same stencil for shading lavender at edge. Be sure to establish register angle on each stencil. Ascertain register angle on handkerchief and mark with masking tape.

Put first stencil in place and print. Continue with other stencils until design is completed.

Bold Peasant Design: Cut 4 stencils following directions. Mix and print chartreuse first. Continue with vermilion, emerald and deep blue stencils. Edge is done by cutting scalloped strip and corner from stencil paper; stenciling is done over and away from edge.

FOLDERS FOR HANDKERCHIEFS: A folder to hold the stenciled handkerchief may be made with matching design on front. Use it as a birthday card.

Materials: Construction paper to match or contrast with color of handkerchief; white paper; textile paints; paste.

Print matching flower design on white paper, 3¾" x 4½", using stencils. Use textile paints or poster paints with very little paint on brush.

Fold a piece of colored construction paper 9" x 10½" in half, lengthwise. Use folded edge as bottom of card. Now fold crosswise so that folder opens from right to left. Fold down top left edge of inside page to center line to form a pocket for handkerchief. (See photograph).

Mount flower print on front of folder, pasting down on upper corners only. Write a birthday greeting on inside of folder. To make envelope, see diagram.


Bold Peasant Stenciling Craft
Folders for Handkerchiefs
Folders for Handkerchiefs diagram

Embroider an Eagle

Embroider an Eagle

Needlepoint eagle, handsome heritage from the mid-nineteenth century—harmonious accent for period furnishings, touch of tradition for a modern room.

DIRECTIONS FOR NEEDLEPOINT PICTURE

MATERIALS: Ten mesh-to-the-inch canvas, 23" x 22½"; D.M.C. cottons and 12½ yd. skeins of tapestry wool in amounts given with color key; nineteen 40 yd. skeins of beige tapestry wool for background; tapestry needle; bias tape or heavy paper to bind canvas; picture frame, rabbet measure, 20" wide x 19½" high (size of embroidered background); ⅛" thick cardboard, ¼" smaller than rabbet.

DIRECTIONS: Bind edges of canvas with bias tape or heavy paper. Mark horizontal and vertical center lines on canvas as guides for placing eagle in center. Work eagle first, then background. Use either Continental or Diagonal Stitch. Cut working strands of wool about 18" long—wool cut too long will wear thin in working. Keep wool from twisting when working to avoid thin places in work. Fasten wool by going through stitches on back, then clipping ends close to canvas. To prevent work from getting crooked, be careful not to jerk wool tight—hold thumb on yarn until you have pulled it through canvas; then lift thumb, pull wool gently into place.

Blocking: Cover an old table, bread board or drawing board with brown paper and mark on this the size of canvas, being sure that corners are square. Place needlepoint, right side down, over guide and fasten with thumb tacks apart along edge of canvas. Wet thoroughly with cold water; let dry. If work is too badly warped to be pulled straight the first time, dry and re-stretch. Wet again, and dry.

Framing: Stretch canvas over cardboard backing, keeping lines of needlepoint straight. Hold in place with straight pins pushed into edge of cardboard. Begins pinning at centers of sides and at corners. Continue stretching and pinning until there is a border of pins about ¼" apart.


Embroider an Eagle chart 1
Embroider an Eagle chart 2
Embroider an Eagle color chart
Embroider an Eagle picture

Lemon Chart Pattern

Lemon Chart Pattern

Pattern includes 11 fruit motifs: peach 3¾ x 3¾ inches; pear 3⅜ x 4¼; orange 3¾ x 4¼; cherries 4⅜ x 4¼; grapes 4¾ x 4½; strawberries 2¾ x 3; pineapple 4 x 8⅛; lemon 3 x 3⅝; plums 3⅜ x 3¾; apple 3¾ x 4¼; and bananas 4⅜ x 4¾. A chart for placing the colors and diagrams showing how to arrange the motifs on lunch cloths, table cloth, runner and luncheon set are also included.

This colorful fruit design for cross stitch makes a charming decoration for lunch cloths, runners, lunch sets, table cloths, curtains and slip covers for chair backs. The 10 to the inch crosses are suitable for six strand cotton.

Suggested Materials—Linen, cotton with a linen finish, cotton broadcloth, percale, gingham, and unbleached muslin are suitable materials. The diagrams in the pattern show the pieces made of 36-inch material. The large cloth can be made of 36, 54 or 72-inch material.


Lemon Chart Pattern
McCall's #628, Fruit Motifs Color Chart

Orange Chart Pattern

Orange Chart Pattern

Pattern includes 11 fruit motifs: peach 3¾ x 3¾ inches; pear 3⅜ x 4¼; orange 3¾ x 4¼; cherries 4⅜ x 4¼; grapes 4¾ x 4½; strawberries 2¾ x 3; pineapple 4 x 8⅛; lemon 3 x 3⅝; plums 3⅜ x 3¾; apple 3¾ x 4¼; and bananas 4⅜ x 4¾. A chart for placing the colors and diagrams showing how to arrange the motifs on lunch cloths, table cloth, runner and luncheon set are also included.

This colorful fruit design for cross stitch makes a charming decoration for lunch cloths, runners, lunch sets, table cloths, curtains and slip covers for chair backs. The 10 to the inch crosses are suitable for six strand cotton.

Suggested Materials—Linen, cotton with a linen finish, cotton broadcloth, percale, gingham, and unbleached muslin are suitable materials. The diagrams in the pattern show the pieces made of 36-inch material. The large cloth can be made of 36, 54 or 72-inch material.


Orange Chart Pattern
McCall's #628, Fruit Motifs Color Chart

Old Time Crochet Patterns & Designs Magazine | Summer 1984

Old Time Crochet Patterns & Designs Magazine | Summer 1984

Old Time Crochet Patterns & Designs Magazine
Volume 6, Number 1
Summer 1984

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Exciting designs & patterns from the past to make today's crocheting interesting!

Magazine developed to bring back designs and patterns from the past. Distributed in quarterly issues from 1979 to 2002.

PATTERN NAME YEAR ORIG PUBLICATION
Crocheted Cotton Lace Dress 1933 Coats
Sundial Doily #D-125 1948 Spool Cotton #252
Sports Jacket #169 1935 Spool Cotton #62
Flower Bouquet Doily 1950 Star #71
Child's Crocheted Sweater 1916
Cape Cod Chair Cushions Royal Society
Williamsburg Bedspread Royal Society
Grand Manner Tablecloth #7597 Spool Cotton #202
Patriotic Pillow 1918
Crocheted Lace for Round Lunch Cloth 1914
Carnation Design Doily 1935 Mary Card
Quarter-masters' Corps Emblem Pillow-Cover
United States Marine Corps Emblem Pillow-Cover
Laces of Cluny Crochet Pincushion Top
Laces of Cluny Crochet Narrow Edging
Laces of Cluny Crochet Edging and Insertion
Butterfly Scarf End in Filet Crochet 1923
Camisole
Boudoir Cap
Nightgown Yoke
Bread Tray Ruffle Doily American Thread
Snowflake Doyley
Scarf-End for Library Table 1919 Mary Card
Tray Cloth
Potholder Mitt 1945 Spool Cotton
Mystic Shrine Emblem Pillow-Cover 1920
Handsome Sideboard Scarf 1920
Neckwear with Crochet Trim 1926
Lace for Altar Cloth 1916
Marguerite Crocheted Shawl 1953 Star #103
Irish Crochet Lace with Insertion 1903
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